Interdisciplinary team science
This theme is more recent and developed out of two types of experiences. The first is the frustration I felt in multidisciplinary contexts where researchers from one discipline did not attempt to understand researchers from another. Or if they did attempt to understand one another, they arrived at an impasse that made further collaboration impossible. The second is the excitement I felt and the progress I saw being made when researchers were open to understanding each other and made efforts to find solutions to theoretical and methodological obstacles that seemed at first glance to hinder working together. Work here includes scientometric analyses of research in education that give both a view of the scope of such research as well as its position in the larger human and social sciences. Other research defines a set of Grand Challenge Problems in the field of Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL). In another type of breakdown of research topics, the NAPLeS Network of Academic Programs in the Learning Sciences (under the auspices of the International Society of the Learning Sciences) organizes webinars in the Learning Sciences on four main themes: how people learn, supporting learning, methodologies for the Learning Sciences and Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning. Still other work describes collaboration between 30 researchers from 13 countries who compared analyses of group interaction using shared corpora over a 5-year period. Finally, a project measured face-to-face interaction and collaboration in the context of two international interdisciplinary conferences in TEL in an attempt to foster the integration of newcomers into this academic community. All of these projects focus on multi and inter-disciplinary research contexts and have the objective of describing the perimeter of these contexts as well as fostering collaboration amongst the researchers involved.